Although both oils have various properties and compounds derived from cannabis, the main difference between them is that hemp oil doesn’t contain substances capable of binding to endocannabinoid receptors. In other words, hemp oil in its natural state generally contains no cannabinoids.
Phytocannabinoids or plant cannabinoids are compounds capable of interacting with the endocannabinoid system of the mammalian body (ECS). The ECS plays a role in a number of physiological processes, such as appetite, sleep, mood, and the immune system, among other things¹.
CBD oil, on the other hand, contains CBD at the very least, which is the main cannabinoid in the hemp plant. This plant is a species of cannabis and belongs to the same family as marijuana, but doesn’t produce intoxicating effects, unlike marijuana, because it produces very little THC. However, the hemp plant produces other cannabinoids and terpenes, which trigger the entourage effect of CBD.
What is hemp oil?
Hemp oil is a plant-based oil produced by cold-pressing cannabis seeds. In other words, it’s an oil that has a very similar production process to those used to produce olive or sunflower oil.
Hemp oil is perfectly edible and very healthy. It’s a concentrated source of essential fatty acids, including linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3), in an optimal proportion for human health.
Hemp oil has been used for centuries in various cultures as part of traditional food and medicine. It’s used in cooking as a salad dressing, in baked goods, and as an ingredient in sauces and smoothies.
In addition to its nutritional value, hemp oil is also used in the cosmetics industry due to its moisturising and cosmetic properties.
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is a plant-based oil enriched with CBD. Although it is most often made up of hemp seed oil and CBD, the base can also be a plant-based oil that doesn’t originate from cannabis.
That is to say, CBD oil can also be made from non-cannabis oils, such as coconut MCT oil. This is the case with our Raw CBD oil, which contains raw (unfiltered) CBD extract.
CBD oil has become very popular in recent years due to its many properties. It’s worth mentioning that, although in Europe it can only be legally marketed for topical use, there are many countries where users ingest it or administer it sublingually.
What types of CBD oils are there?
CBD oil can be classified according to various criteria, but most commonly according to its cannabinoid and terpene content, which varies depending on how it is produced.
Firstly, broad spectrum CBD oil is a type of oil that stands out because it contains absolutely no THC at all, not even the legally permitted 0.2%. It retains the rest of the plant’s active ingredients, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids, and is made with only two ingredients: hemp oil and broad spectrum cannabis flower extract.
Secondly, full spectrum CBD oil, does retain that small amount of natural THC produced by hemp (limited to 0.2%), along with the other cannabinoids and terpenes in the flowers. Like broad spectrum oil, it has only two ingredients, in this case hemp oil and full spectrum bud extract.
Lastly, raw CBD oil, is an oil that maintains a high degree of purity, because the flower extract from which it’s made isn’t filtered. This oil, unlike the previous ones, is made from coconut MCT oil, to which raw full spectrum CBD extract is added.
In short, hemp oil is an edible plant-based oil obtained from cannabis seeds, while CBD oil is a plant-based oil, which can be produced using cannabis seeds or any other type of seeds, enriched with CBD flower extract.
- Kim, H. Y., Ahn, S. H., Yang, I. J., Park, S. Y., & Kim, K. (2020). Effect of Hataedock treatment on epidermal structure maintenance through intervention in the endocannabinoid system. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2020.